UNIT 3. Present Continuous and Simple Present 1 (I am doing and I do)

English-grammar-3 grammar


Compare :

Present continuous (I am doing)

We use the continuous for things happening at or around the time of speaking.
The action is not complete.

———| I am doing |———–
past now future

The water is boiling. Can you turn it off?
Listen to those people. What language are they speaking?
Let’s go out. It isn’t raining now.
“I’m busy.” “What are you doing?”
I’m getting hungry. Let’s eat.
Kate wants to work in Italy, so she’s leaning Italian.
The population of the world is increasing very fast.

We use the present continuous for
temporary situations:

I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.

A: You’re working hard today.
B: Yes, I have a lot to do.

Simple present(I do)

We use the simple for things in general or things that happen repeatedly.

<———–( I do )————–>
past now future

Water boils at 100degrees Celsius.
Excuse me, do you speak English?
It doesn’t rain very much in summer.
What do you usually do after work?
I always get hungry in the afternoon.
Most people lean to swim when they are children.
Every day the population of the world increases by about 200,000 people.

We use the simple present for
permanent situations:

My parents live in Vancouver. They have lived there all their lives.
John isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time.


I always do and I’m always doing

I always do (something) = I do it every time:

I always drive to work. (not I’m always driving)

“I’m always doing something” has a different meaning. For example:

“I’ve lost my key again. I’m always losing things.”

I’m always losing things = I lose things very often,
perhaps too often, or more often that normal.

Two more examples:

You’re always watching television. You should do something more active.
(=You watch too much television)

Tim is never satisfied. He’s always complaining. (=He complains too much)

“always” が付く時は、進行形で習慣を表す?