UNIT 5. Simple Past (I did)

English-grammar-5 grammar


Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was an Austrian musician and composer.
He lived from 1756 to 1791.
He stared composing at the age of five and wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
He was only 35 years old when he died.

Lived / started / wrote / was / died are all simple past.


Very often the simple past ends in -ed (regular verbs):

I work in a travel agency now. I worked in a department store before.
We invited them to our party, but they decided not to come.
The police stopped me on my way home last night.
Laura passed her exam because she studied very hard.

For spelling (stopped, studied, etc.), see Appendix 6.

But many verbs are irregular. This means the simple past does not end in -ed. For example:

write -> wrote | Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.
see -> saw | We saw Rose at the mall a few days ago.
go -> went | I went to the movies three times last week.
shut -> shut | It was cold, so I shut the window.


In questions and negatives we use did / didn’t + base form (enjoy / see / go, etc.):

I | enjoyed
She | saw
They | went

did | you | enjoy?
| she | see?
| they | go?

I | | enjoy
She | didn’t | see
They | | go

A:Did you go out last night?
B:Yes, I went to the movies, but I didn’t enjoy the film much.

“When did Mr.Thomas die?” “About 10 years ago”
They didn’t invite her to the party, so she didn’t go.
“Did you have time to write the letter?” “No, I didn’t”

In the following examples, do is the main verb in the sentence (did… do / didn’t do):

What did you do on the weekend? (not What did you on the weekend?)
I didn’t do anything. (not I didn’t anything)


The past of be (am / is / are) is was / were :

I / he / she / it was / wasn’t
we / you / they were / weren’t

was I / he / she / it
were we / you / they?

Note that we do not use did in negatives and questions with was / were:

I was angry because they were late.
Was the weather good when you were on vacation?
They weren’t able to come because they were so busy.
Did you go out last night, or were you too tired?

kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)