UNIT 68. Countable and Uncountable 2

Australia-31 grammar

A

Many nouns can be use as countable or uncountable nouns, usually with a difference in meaning.
Compare:

-—————————–

Countable

  • Did you hear a noise just now? (= a specific noise)
  • I bought a paper to read. (= a news paper)
  • There’s a hair in my soup! (= one single hair)
  • You can stay with us. There is a spare room. (= a room in a house)
  • I had some interesting experiences while I was traveling. (= things that happened to me)
  • Enjoy your trip. Have a good time!

-—————————–

Uncountable

  • I can’t work here. There’s too much noise. (not too many noises)
  • I need some paper to write on. (= material for writing on)
  • You’ve got very long hair. (not hairs) (= all the hair on you head)
  • You can’t sit here. There isn’t any room. (= space)
  • They offered me the job because I had a lot of experience. (not experiences)
  • I can’t wait. I don’t have time.

-—————————–

Coffee/tea/juice/beer, etc. (drinks) are normally uncountable:
– I don’t like coffee very much.

But you can say a coffee (= a cup of coffee), two coffee (= two cups), etc.:
– Two coffees and an orange juice, please

B

The following nouns are usually uncountable:

advice
baggage
behavior
bread
chaos
damage
furniture
information
luck
luggage
news
permission
progress
scenery
traffic
weather
work

You cannot use a/an with these nouns:
– I’m going to buy some bread. or … a loaf of bread.
– Enjoy your vacation! I hope you have good weather. (not a good weather)

These nouns are not usually plural (so we do not say “breads,” “furnitures,” etc.):
– Where are you going to put all your furniture? (not furnitures)
– Let me know if you need more information. (not informations)

News is uncountable, not plural:
– The news was very depressing. (not The news were)

Travel (noun) means traveling in general (uncountable). We do not say “a travel” to mean a trip:
– They spend a lot of money on travel.
– We had a very good trip. (not a good travel)

Compare these countable and uncountable nouns:

-—————————–

Countable

  • I’m looking for a job.
  • What a beautiful view!
  • It’s a nice day today.
  • We had a lot of bags and suitcases.
  • These chairs are mine.
  • That’s a good suggestion.

-—————————–

Uncountable

  • I’m looking for work. (not a work)
  • What beautiful scenery!
  • It’s nice weather today.
  • We had a lot of baggage/luggage.
  • THis furniture is mine.
  • That’s good advice.

-—————————–

grammar
kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)

コメント

タイトルとURLをコピーしました