UNIT 89. Each and every

UK-02 grammar


Each and every are similar in meaning. Often it is possible to use each or every:
– Each time (or Every time) I see you, you look different.
– There’s a ceiling fan in each room (or every room) of the house.

But each and every are not exactly the same. Study the difference:
We use each when we think of things separately, one by one.
– Study each sentence carefully.
(= study the sentences one by one)

each = X + X + X + X

Each is more common for a small number:
– There were four books on the table.
Each book was a different color.
– (in a card game) At the beginning of the game, each player has three cards.
We use every when we think of as a group.
The meaning is similar to all.
– Every sentence must have a verb.
(= all sentences in general)

every = (XXXXXXXXX)

Every is more common for a large number:
– Kate loves reading. She has read every book in the library. (= all the books)
– I would like to visit every country in the world. (= all the countries)

Each (but not every) can be used for two things:
– In a baseball game, each team has nine players. (not every them)

We use every (not each) to say how often something happens:
– “How often do you use your computer?” “Every day.” (not Each day)
– There’s a bus every 10 minutes. (not each 10 minutes)


Compare the structures we use with each and every:
You can use each with a noun:

each book
each student

You can use each alone (without a noun):
– None of the rooms was the same.
Each (= each room) was different.

Or you can use each one:
– Each one was different.

You can say each of (the …/these …, them, etc.):
– Read each of these sentences carefully.
– Each of the books is a different color.
– Each of them is a different color.
You can use every with a noun:

every book
every student

You can’t use every alone, but you can say every one:
– A : Have you read all these books?
B : Yes, every one.

You can say every one of … (but not every of):
– I’ve read every one of those books. (not every of those books)
– I’ve read every one of them.


You can also use each in the middle or at the end of a sentence. For example:
– The students were each givin a book. (= Each student wes given a book)
– These oranges cost 75 cents each.


Everyone and every one

Everyone(one word) is only for people (= everybody).
Every one (two words) is for things or people or people and is similar to each one (see Section B).
– Everyone enjoyed the party. (= Everybody …)
– Sarah is invited to lost of parties and she goes to every one. (= to every party)

kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)