UNIT 54. Verb + -ing or to … 1 (remember/regret, etc.)

Australia-17 grammar

A

Some verbs are followed by -ing, and some are followed by to …

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Verbs usually followed by -ing:

admit
finish
postpone
avoid
imagine
risk
consider
keep(on)
stop
deny
mind
suggest
enjoy

For example, see Unit 51.

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Verbs usually followed by to …

afford
fail
offer
agree
forget
plan
arrange
hope
promise
decide
lean
refuse
deserve
manage
threaten

For example, see Unit 52.

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B

Some verbs can be followed by -ing or to … with a difference in meaning:

remember

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I remember doing something = I did it and now I remember this.
You remember doing something after you have done it.

I know I locked the door.I clearly remember locked it. (= I locked it, and now I remember this)

He could remember driving along the road just before the accident, but he couldn’t remember the accident itself.

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I remember to do something = I remembered that I had to do it, so I did it.
You remember to do something before you do it.

I remembered to lock the door, but I forgot to shut the windows. (= I remembered that I had to lock it, and so I rocked it)

Please remember to mail the letter. (= don’t forget to mail it)

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regret

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I regret doing something = I did it and now I’m sorry about it.

I now regret saying what I said. I shouldn’t have said it.

It began to get cold and he regretted not wearing his coat.

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I regret to say / to tell you / to inform you = I’m sorry that I have to say (etc.):

(from a formal letter) We regret to inform you that we cannot offer you the job.

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go on

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Go on doing something = continue doing the same thing:
– The president went on talking for hours.
– We need to change. We can’t go on living like this.
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Go on to do something = do or say something new:
– After discussing the economy, the president then went on to talk about foreign policy.

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D

The following verbs can be followed by -ing or to …:

begin
start
continue
bother

So you can say:
– It has started raining. or It has started to rain.
– Don’t bother locking the door. or Don’t bother to lock …

But normally we do not use -ing after -ing:
– It’s starting to rain. (not It’s starting raining)

grammar
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