UNIT 77. Singular and Plural

Australia-40 grammar

A

Sometimes we use a plural noun for one thing that has two parts. For example:

Pants (two legs)
also jeans / slacks
shorts / trousers

Pajamas
(top and bottom)

Glasses

Binoculars

Scissors

B

Some nouns end in -ics, but are not usually plural. For example:

economics
electronics
gymnastics
mathematics
physics
politics
  • Gymnastics is my favorite sport. (not Gymnastics are)

News is not plural (see Unit 68B)

Some words ending in -s can be singular or plural. For example:

means a means of transportation many means of transportation
series a television series two television series
species a species of bird 200 species of birds

C

We use a plural verb with police:

  • The police are investigating the murder, but haven’t arrested anyone yet. (not The police is … hasn’t)

Note that we say a police officer / a policeman / a policewoman (not a police).

D

We do not often use the plural of person (persons). We normally use people (a plural word):
Singular verb:
– Twenty thousand dollars (= it) was stolen in the robbery. (not were stolen)
– Three years (= it) is a long time to be without a job. (not Three years are)
– Six miles in a long way to walk every day.

grammar
kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)

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