UNIT 98. Adjectives and Adverbs 1 (quick/quickly)

rail grammar

A

Look at these examples:
– Our vacation was too short – the time passed very quickly.
– Two people were seriously injured in the accident.

Quickly and seriously are adverbs. Many adverbs are formed from an adjective + -ly:

adjective:

quick
serious
careful
quiet
heavy
bad

adverb:

quickly
seriously
carefully
quietly
heavily
badly

For spelling, see Appendix 6.

Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs end in -ly, too for example

friendly
lively
elderly
lonely
silly
lovely

B

Adjective or adverb?
-—————————–
Adjectives (quick/careful, etc.) tell us about a noun (somebody or something).
We use adjectives before nouns:
– Tom is a careful driver.
(not a carefully driver)
– We didn’t go out because of the heavy rain.

-—————————–
Adverbs (quickly/carefully, etc.) tell us about a verb (how somebody does something or how something happens):
– Tom drove carefully along the narrow road. (not drove careful)
– We didn’t go out because it was raining heavily. (not raining heavy)
-—————————–

Compare:
-—————————–
– She speaks perfect English.

adjective + noun
-—————————–
– She speaks English perfectly.

verb + noun + adverb
-—————————–

We also use adjectives after some verbs, especially be, and also look/feel/sound, etc.

Compare:
-—————————–
– Please be quiet.
– I was disappointed that my exam results were so bad.
– Why do you always look so serious?
– I feel happy.
-—————————–
– Please speak quietly.
– I was unhappy that I did so badly on the exam. (not did so bad)
– Why do you never take me seriously
– The children were playing happily
-—————————–

C

We also use adverbs before adjectives and other adverbs. For example:

reasonably cheap (adverb + adjective)
terribly sorry (adverb + adjective)
incredibly quickly (adverb + adverb)

  • It’s reasonably cheap restaurant, and the food is extremely good.
  • I’m terribly sorry. I didn’t mean to push you. (not terrible sorry)
  • Maria learns languages incredibly quickly
  • The test was surprisingly easy.

You can also use an adverb before a past participle (injured/organized/written, etc.):
– Two people were seriously injured in the accident. (not serious injured)
– The conference was very badly organized.

grammar
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