UNIT 101. Enough and too

Canada-03 grammar

A

Enough goes after adjectives and adverbs:
– I can’t run very far. I’m not fit enough. (not enough fit)
– Let’s go. We’ve waited long enough.
– Is Joe going to apply for the job? Is he experienced enough?

Compare too … and not … enough:
– You never stop working. You work too hard.
(= more than is necessary)
– You’re lazy. You don’t work hard enough.
(= less than is necessary)

B

Enough normally goes before nouns:
– I can’t run very far. I don’t have enough energy. (not energy enough)
– Is Joe going to apply for the job? Does he have enough experience?
– We’ve got enough money. We don’t need any more.
– Some of us had to sit on the floor because there weren’t enough chairs.

Note that we say:
– We didn’t have enough time. (not the time wasn’t enough)
– There is enough money. (not the money is enough)

You can use enough alone (without a noun):
– We don’t need any more money. We’ve got enough.

Compare too much/many and enough:
– There’s too much furniture in this room. There’s not enough space.
– There were too many people and not enough chairs.

C

We say enough/too … for somebody/something
– We don’t have enough money for a vacation.
– Is Joe experienced enough for the job?
– This shirt is too big for me. I need a smaller size.

But we say enough/ too … to do something (not for doing). For example:
– We don’t have enough money to go on vacation. (not for going)
– Is Joe experienced enough to go on vacation. (not for going)
– They’re too young to get married. / They’re not old enough to get married.
– The bridge is just wide enough for two cars to pass each other.

D

We say:
-—————————–
The food was very hot. We couldn’t eat it.
and The food was so hot that we couldn’t eat it.
but The food was too hot to eat. (without it)
-—————————–

Some more examples like this:
– These boxes are too heavy to carry.
(not too heavy to carry them)
– The wallet was too big to put in my pocket.
(not too big to put it)
– This chair isn’t strong enough to stand on.
(not string enough to stand on it)

grammar
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