UNIT 100. So and such

Canada-02 grammar

A

Compare so and such:
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We use so + adjective/adverb:

so stupid
so quick
so nice
so quickly
  • I didn’t like the book. The story was so stupid.
  • I like Liz and Joe. They are so nice.

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We use such + noun:

such a story
such people

We also use such + adjective + noun:

such a stupid story
such nice people
  • I didn’t like the book. It was such a stupid story. (not a so stupid story)
  • I like Liz and Joe. They are such nice people. (not so nice people)

We say such a … (not a such):

such a big dog (not a such big dog)

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B

So and such make the meaning of the adjective (or adverb) stronger:
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– It’s a beautiful day, isn’t it? It’s so warm. (= really warm)
– It’s difficult to understand him because he talks so quickly.

You can use so … that:
– The book was so good that I couldn’t put it down.
– I was so tired that I fell asleep in the armchair.

We usually leave out that:
– I was so tired I fell asleep/

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It was a great holiday. We had such a good time. (= a really good time)

You can use such … that:
– It was such a good book that I couldn’t put it down.
– It was such nice weather that we spent the whole day on the beach.

We usually leave out that:
– It was such nice weather we spent …

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C

We also use so and such which the meaning “like this”:

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– Somebody told me the house was built 100 years ago. I didn’t realize it was so old. (= as old as it is)
– I’m tired because I got up at six. I don’t usually get up so early.
– I expected the weather to be cooler. I’m surprised it is so warm.

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– I didn’t realize it was such an old house.
– You know it’s not true. How can you say such thing?

Note the expression no such …:
– You won’t find the word ‘blid’ in the dictionary. There’s no such word.
(= this word does not exist)

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D

Compare:
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so long

  • I haven’t seen her for so long I’ve forgotten what she looks like.

so far

  • I didn’t know it was so far

so much, so many

  • I’m sorry I’m late – there was so much traffic.

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such a long time

  • I haven’t seen her for such a long time.
    (not so long time)

such a long way

  • I didn’t know it was such a long way.

such a lot (of)

  • I’m sorry I’m late – there was such a lot of traffic.

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grammar
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