UNIT 92. Relative Clauses 3: whose/whom/where

UK-05 grammar



We use whose in relative clauses instead of his/her/their:
we saw some people – “their” car had broken down

-> We saw some people “whose” car had broken down.

We use whose mostly for people:
– A window is a woman whose husband is dead. (her husband is dead)
– What’s the name of the man whose car you borrowed? (you borrowed his car)
– I met someone whose brother I went to school with.
(I went to school with his/her brother)

Compare who and whose:
– I met a man who knows you. (he knows you)
– I met a man whose sister knows you. (his sister knows you)



Whom is possible instead of who when it is the object of the verb in the relative clause
(like the sentences in Unit 91B):
– The woman whom I wanted to see was away on vacation. (I wanted to see her)

You can also use whom with a preposition (to whom / from whom / with whom, etc.):
– The people with whom I work are very nice. (I work with them)

But we do not often use whom is spoken English. We usually prefer who or that, or nothing.
So we usually say:
– The woman I wanted to see … or The woman who/that I wanted to see …
– The people I work with … or The people who/that I work with …



You can use where in a relative clause to talk about a place:
the restaurant – we had dinner “there” – it was near the airport

-> The restaurant “where” we had dinner was near the airport.

“there” – “where”
– I recently went back to the town where I grew up.
(or … the town I grew up in or … the town that I gew up in)
– I would like to live in a place where is plenty of sunshine.


We say:

the day / the year / the time, etc.
– something happens or
– that something happens


  • Do you remember the day (that) we went to the zoo?
  • The last time (that) I saw her, she looked fine.
  • I haven’t seen them since the year (that) they got married.


We say:

the reason { (something happen) or (they/why something happens) }

  • The reason I’m calling you is to ask your advice.
    (or The reason that I’m calling / The reason why I’m calling)