UNIT 16. Have and have got

UK-06 grammar
  1. A
  2. B
  3. C

A

Have and have got (for possession, relationships, illness, etc.)

You can use have got or have (without got). There is no difference in meaning:

They have a new car. or They’ve got a new car.
Nancy has two sisters. or Nancy has got two sisters.
I have a headache. or I’ve got a headache.
He has a few problems. or He’s got a few problems.
Our house has a big yard. or Our house has got a big yard.

When have means “possess,” etc., you cannot use continuous forms (is having / are having, etc.):

We’re enjoying our vacation. We have / have got a nice room in the hotel. (not We’re having)

In questions and negative sentences there are two possible forms:

Do you have any questions? | Have you got any questions?
I don’t have any question | I haven’t got any questions.
Does she have a car? | Has she got a car?
She doesn’t have a car. | She hasn’t got a car.

B

For the past we use had (without got):

Ann had long hair when she was child.

In past questions and negative sentences, we use did/didn’t.

Did they have a car when they were living in Miami?
I didn’t have a watch, so I didn’t know what time it was.
Ann had long hair, didn’t she?

C

Have breakfast / have trouble / have a good time, etc.

We also use have (but not have got) for many actions and experiences. For example:

have |
breakfast / dinner / a cup of coffee / something to eat /
a party / a safe trip / a good flight /
an accident / an experience / a dream /
a look (at something) /
a conversation / a discussion / a talk (with somebody) /
trouble / difficulty / fun / a good time, etc. /
a baby (= give birth to baby) / an operation

Have got is not possible in the expressions in the box. Compare:

Sometimes I have (= eat) a sandwich for lunch. (not I’ve got)
but
I’ve got / I have some sandwiches. Would you like one?

You can use continuous forms (am having, etc.) with the expressions in the box:

We’re enjoying our vacation. We’re having a great time. (not We have)
Mike is having trouble with his car. He often has trouble with his car.

In questions and negative sentences, we use do / does / did:

I don’t usually have a big breakfast. (not I usually haven’t)
What time does Ann have lunch? (not has Ann lunch)
Did you have any trouble finding a place to live?

grammar
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