UNIT 52. Verb + to … (decide to … / for get to …, etc.)

Australia-15 grammar

A

offer
decide
hope
deserve
promise
agree
plan
manage
afford
threaten
refuse
arrange
fail
forget
learn

After these verbs, you can use to … (infinitive):
– It was late, so we decided to take a taxi home.
– David was in a difficult situation, so I agreed to help him.
– How old were you when you leaned to drive? (or leaned how to drive)
– Karen failed to make a good impression at the job interview.

The negative is not to …:
– We decided not to go out because of the weather.
– I promised not to be late.

After some verbs, to … is not possible, For example, enjoy/think/suggest:
– I enjoy reading. (not enjoy to read)
– Sam suggested going to the movies. (not suggested to go)
– Are you thinking of buying a car? (not thinking to buy)

B

We also use to … after:

seem
appear
tend
pretend
claim

C

After dare, you can use a verb with or without to:
– I wouldn’t dare to tell him. or I wouldn’t dare tell him.

D

After some verbs, you can use a question word (what/whether/how, etc.) + to … We use this structure especially after:

ask
decide
know
remember
forget
learn
understand
wonder
explain
We asked how to get to the station.
Have you decided where to go for your vacation?
I don’t know whether to apply for the job or not.
Do you understand what to do?

Also: show/tell/ask/advise/teach somebody what/how/where
to do something:

  • Can somebody show me how to change the film in this camera?
  • Ask Jack. He’ll tell you what to do.
grammar
kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)

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