UNIT 96. Adjectives Ending in -ing and -ed (boring/bored, etc.)

UK-09 grammar

A

There are many adjectives ending in -ing and -ed, for example: boring and bored.
-—————————–
Jane has been doing the same job for a very long time.
Every day she does exactly the same thing again and again.
She doesn’t enjoy her job any more and would like to do something different.

Jane’s job is boring.
Jane is bored (with her job)

bored -> Jane
boring -> Jane’s task
-—————————–

Somebody is bored if something (or somebody else) is boring. Or, if something is boring it makes you bored. So:
– Jane is bored because her job is boring.
– Jane’s jo b is boring, so Jane is bored. (not Jane is boring)

If a person is boring, this means that they make other people bored:
– George always talks about the same things. He’s really boring.

B

Compare adjectives ending in -ing and -ed:
-—————————–
My job is

boring
interesting.
tiring.
satisfying.
depressing. (etc.)

In these examples, the -ing adjective tells you about the job.
-—————————–

  • I’m bored with my job.
  • I’m not interested in my job any more.
  • I get very tired doing my job.
  • I’m not satisfied with my job.
  • My job makes me depressed. (etc.)

In these examples, the -ed adjective tells you how somebody feels (about the job).
-—————————–

Compare these examples:
-—————————–

interesting

  • Julia thinks politics is interesting.
  • Did you meet anyone interesting at the party?

surprising

  • It was surprising that he passed the exam.

disappointing

  • The movie was disappointing.
    We expected it to be much bette.

shocking

  • The news was shocking.

-—————————–

interested

  • Julia is interested in politics.
    (not interesting in politics)
  • Are you interested in buying a car?
    I’m trying to sell mine.

surprised

  • Everybody was surprised that he passed the exam.

disappointed

  • We were disappointed with the movie.
    We expected it to be much bette.

shocked

  • I was shocked when I heard the news.

-—————————–

grammar
kaki en talk ~英語が苦手な日本人エンジニアが書く 英語の日記~ (解説付き)

コメント

タイトルとURLをコピーしました