grammar

UNIT 77. Singular and Plural

A Sometimes we use a plural noun for one thing that has two parts. For example: Pants (two legs) also jeans / slacks s...
grammar

UNIT 76. Names with and without the 2

A Names without the We do not use the with names of most city streets / roads / squares / parks, etc. Union Street (n...
grammar

UNIT 75. Names with and without the 1

A We do not use the with names of people (Ann, taylor, etc). In the same way, we do not normally use the with names of ...
grammar

UNIT 74. The 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the piano, etc.; the + Adjective)

A Study these sentences: ------------------------------ - The giraffe is the tallest of all animals. - The bicycl...
grammar

UNIT 73. The 3 (children / the children)

A When we are talking about things or people in genera, we do not use the: - I'm afraid of dogs. (not the dogs) (do...
grammar

UNIT 72. The 2 (school / the school, etc.)

A Compare school and the school: ------------------------------ Claudia is 10 years old. Every day she goes to scho...
grammar

UNIT 71. The 1

A We use the when there is only one of something: - What is the longest river in the world? (there is only one longest...
grammar

UNIT 70. A/an and the

A Study this example: ------------------------------ John : I had a sandwich and an apple for lunch. The sandwich w...
grammar

UNIT 69. Countable Nouns with a/an and some

A Countable nouns can be singular or plural: a dog a child the evening this party an umbrella dogs some children the e...
grammar

UNIT 68. Countable and Uncountable 2

A Many nouns can be use as countable or uncountable nouns, usually with a difference in meaning. Compare: --------...
grammar

UNIT 67. Countable and Uncountable 1

A A noun can be countable of uncountable: ------------------------------ Countable I eat a banana every day. I l...
grammar

UNIT 66. -ing Phrases (Feeling tired, I went bed early.)

A Study these situations: ------------------------------ Joe was playing football. He hurt his knee. You can say: ...
grammar

UNIT 65. See somebody do and see somebody doing

A Study this example situation: ------------------------------ Tom got into his car and drove away. You saw this. Y...
grammar

UNIT 64. To … (afraid to do) and Preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)

A Afraid to (do) and afraid of (do) ing I am afraid to do something = I don't want to do it because it is dangerous or...
grammar

UNIT 63. Adjective + to …

A Hard to understand, etc. ------------------------------ Compare sentences (a) and (b) Jim doesn't speak very cl...
grammar

UNIT 62. To …, for …, and so that …(Purpose)

A We use to ... to say why somebody does something (= the purpose of an action): - "Why are you going out?" "To mail ...
grammar

UNIT 61. Expression + -ing

A When these expressions are followed by a verb, the verb ends in -ing: There's no point in ...: - There's no point i...
grammar

UNIT 60. Verb + Preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing / accuse somebody of -ing, etc.)

A Many verbs have the structure verb + preposition (in/for/about, etc.) + object. For example verb + Prepositi...
grammar

UNIT 59. Be/get used to something (I’m used to …)

A Study this example situations: ------------------------------ Lisa is American, but she lives in Tokyo. When she ...
grammar

UNIT 58. Preposition (in/for/about, etc.) + -ing

A If a preposition (in/for/about, etc.) is followed by a verb, the verb ends in -ing: - Preposition Verb (-in...
grammar

UNIT 57. Prefer and would rather

A Prefer to do and prefer doing You can use prefer to (do) or prefer -ing to say what you prefer in general: - I don'...
grammar

UNIT 56. Verb + -ing or to … 3 (like/would like, etc.)

A Like / love / hate When you talk about repeated actions, you can use -ing or to ... after these verbs. So you can s...
grammar

UNIT 55. Verb + -ing or to … 2 (try/need/help)

A Try to ... and try -ing ------------------------------ Try to do = attempt to do, make an effort to do: - I was ...
grammar

UNIT 54. Verb + -ing or to … 1 (remember/regret, etc.)

A Some verbs are followed by -ing, and some are followed by to ... ------------------------------ Verbs usually fo...
grammar

UNIT 53. Verb (+ Object) + to … (I want you to …, etc.)

A want ask help expect bag would like would prefer mean (= intend) These verbs are followed by to ... (infinitive). T...
grammar

UNIT 52. Verb + to … (decide to … / for get to …, etc.)

A offer decide hope deserve promise agree plan manage afford threaten refuse arrange fail forget learn After these ve...
grammar

UNIT 51. Verb + -ing (enjoy doing / stop doing, etc.)

A Look at these examples: - I enjoy reading. (not I enjoy to read) - Would you mind closing the door? (not mind to cl...
grammar

UNIT 50. Tag Questions (do you? / isn’t it?, etc.)

A Study these examples: ------------------------------ A : You haven't seen Maria today, have you? B : No, I hav...
grammar

UNIT 49. Auxiliary verbs (have/do/can, etc.) I think so / I hope so, etc.

A In each of these sentences there is an auxiliary verb and a main verb: - - - - I have lost my...
grammar

UNIT 48. Question 2 (Do you know where …? / He asked me where …)

A Do you know where ...? / I don't know why ... / Could you tell me what ...?, etc. We say: Where has Tom gone? Do...
grammar

UNIT 47. Questions 1

A In questions we usually put the subject after the first verb: Subject + Verb Verb + Subject Tom wil...
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