grammar

UNIT 85. Much, many, little, few, a lot, plenty

A We use much and little with uncountable nouns: much time much luck little energy little money We use many and few ...
grammar

UNIT 84. No/none/any Nothing/nobody, etc.

A No and none We use no + noun. No = not a or not any: - We had to walk home because there was no bus. (= there wasn'...
grammar

UNIT 83. Some and any

A In general we use some (also somebody/someone/something) in positive sentences and any (also anybody, etc.) in negati...
grammar

UNIT 82. There … and It …

A There and it ------------------------------ A : There's a new restaurant on Main street. B : Yes, I know. I went ...
grammar

UNIT 81. A friend of mine / My own house / By myself

A A friend of mine / a friend of Tom's, etc. We say "a friend of mine/yours/his/hers/ours/theirs": - I'm going to a w...
grammar

UNIT 80. Myself/yourself/themselves, etc.

A Study this example: ------------------------------ Steve : Hi, I'm Steve. Steve introduced himself to the other ...
grammar

UNIT 79. -‘s(your sister’s name) and of … (the name of the book)

A We use -'s (apostrophe + s) mostly for people or animals: - Tom's computer isn't working. (not the computer of Tom) ...
grammar

UNIT 78. Noun + Noun (a tennis ball / a headache, etc.)

A You can use two nouns together (noun + noun) to mean one thing/person/idea, etc. For example: a tennis ball a bank m...
grammar

UNIT 77. Singular and Plural

A Sometimes we use a plural noun for one thing that has two parts. For example: Pants (two legs) also jeans / slacks s...
grammar

UNIT 76. Names with and without the 2

A Names without the We do not use the with names of most city streets / roads / squares / parks, etc. Union Street (n...
grammar

UNIT 75. Names with and without the 1

A We do not use the with names of people (Ann, taylor, etc). In the same way, we do not normally use the with names of ...
grammar

UNIT 74. The 4 (the giraffe / the telephone / the piano, etc.; the + Adjective)

A Study these sentences: ------------------------------ - The giraffe is the tallest of all animals. - The bicycl...
grammar

UNIT 73. The 3 (children / the children)

A When we are talking about things or people in genera, we do not use the: - I'm afraid of dogs. (not the dogs) (do...
grammar

UNIT 72. The 2 (school / the school, etc.)

A Compare school and the school: ------------------------------ Claudia is 10 years old. Every day she goes to scho...
grammar

UNIT 71. The 1

A We use the when there is only one of something: - What is the longest river in the world? (there is only one longest...
grammar

UNIT 70. A/an and the

A Study this example: ------------------------------ John : I had a sandwich and an apple for lunch. The sandwich w...
grammar

UNIT 69. Countable Nouns with a/an and some

A Countable nouns can be singular or plural: a dog a child the evening this party an umbrella dogs some children the e...
grammar

UNIT 68. Countable and Uncountable 2

A Many nouns can be use as countable or uncountable nouns, usually with a difference in meaning. Compare: --------...
grammar

UNIT 67. Countable and Uncountable 1

A A noun can be countable of uncountable: ------------------------------ Countable I eat a banana every day. I l...
grammar

UNIT 66. -ing Phrases (Feeling tired, I went bed early.)

A Study these situations: ------------------------------ Joe was playing football. He hurt his knee. You can say: ...
grammar

UNIT 65. See somebody do and see somebody doing

A Study this example situation: ------------------------------ Tom got into his car and drove away. You saw this. Y...
grammar

UNIT 64. To … (afraid to do) and Preposition + -ing (afraid of -ing)

A Afraid to (do) and afraid of (do) ing I am afraid to do something = I don't want to do it because it is dangerous or...
grammar

UNIT 63. Adjective + to …

A Hard to understand, etc. ------------------------------ Compare sentences (a) and (b) Jim doesn't speak very cl...
grammar

UNIT 62. To …, for …, and so that …(Purpose)

A We use to ... to say why somebody does something (= the purpose of an action): - "Why are you going out?" "To mail ...
grammar

UNIT 61. Expression + -ing

A When these expressions are followed by a verb, the verb ends in -ing: There's no point in ...: - There's no point i...
grammar

UNIT 60. Verb + Preposition + -ing (succeed in -ing / accuse somebody of -ing, etc.)

A Many verbs have the structure verb + preposition (in/for/about, etc.) + object. For example verb + Prepositi...
grammar

UNIT 59. Be/get used to something (I’m used to …)

A Study this example situations: ------------------------------ Lisa is American, but she lives in Tokyo. When she ...
grammar

UNIT 58. Preposition (in/for/about, etc.) + -ing

A If a preposition (in/for/about, etc.) is followed by a verb, the verb ends in -ing: - Preposition Verb (-in...
grammar

UNIT 57. Prefer and would rather

A Prefer to do and prefer doing You can use prefer to (do) or prefer -ing to say what you prefer in general: - I don'...
grammar

UNIT 56. Verb + -ing or to … 3 (like/would like, etc.)

A Like / love / hate When you talk about repeated actions, you can use -ing or to ... after these verbs. So you can s...
grammar

UNIT 55. Verb + -ing or to … 2 (try/need/help)

A Try to ... and try -ing ------------------------------ Try to do = attempt to do, make an effort to do: - I was ...
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